Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Article Types:

The following contributions will be accepted for publication. Please take careful note of the maximum length where applicable. Over length articles will be returned to the authors without peer review:

  1. Clinical papers: no more than 1500-3000 words and 10-20 references

  2. Research papers: no more than 2000-3500 words, 4 Tables, 4 Figures, and 15-20 references

  3. Review papers - no limit on length or number of references (in case of invited reviews) and 1500-2500 words with 15-25 references, four tables, and four figures

  4. Technical notes (surgical techniques, new instruments, technical innovations) - no more than 1000 words, 5-10 references, and four figures

  5. Case reports - no more than 750-2500 words, 5-10 references, and four figures. 

Please note: Case reports will be considered for publication only if they add new information to the existing body of knowledge, present new points of view on known diseases, or has a valuable educational lesson.

 Criteria for Publication Papers that will be considered for publication should be:

  1. Based on a sound hypothesis and an adequate investigation method analyzing a statistically relevant series, leading to relevant results that back the conclusion

  2. Well written in simple, scientific English grammar and style

  3. Presented with a clear message and containing new information that is relevant to the readership of the journal

Presentation of Manuscripts

Papers should be submitted in journal template, failure to do so will result in the paper being immediately returned to the author and may lead to significant delays in publication. Spelling may follow British or American usage, but not a mixture of the two.

Format Papers should be set out as follows:

  1. Title page

  2. Abstract

  3. Text

  4. Acknowledgments

  5. Tables

  6. References

  7. Captions to illustrations

Please note that the qualifications of the authors will not be included in the published paper and should not be listed anywhere on the manuscript.

The title page should give the following information:

  1. Title of the article

  2. Full name of each author

  3. Name and address of the department or institution to which the work should be attributed

  4. Name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence

  5. Sources of support in the form of grants

  6. Keywords. If the title is longer than 40 characters (including spaces), a short title should be supplied for use in the running heads.

  7. Abstract 200-250 words maximum.

 The text:

Do not use subheadings or abbreviations; write as a continuous paragraph, Must contain all relevant information including Introduction, Materials, and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion.

There should be no mention of the institution where the work was carried out, especially in the Methods section.


  • Present first the nature and scope of the problem investigated

  • Review briefly the pertinent literature

  • State the rationale for the study

  • Explain the purpose in writing the paper


  • State the method of investigation and the reasons for the choice of a particular method

  • Should be written in the present tense Materials and Methods

  • Give the full details, limit references

  • Should be drafted in the past tense

  • Include exact technical specifications, quantities, and generic names

  • Restrict the number of subheadings, and use the same in the results section

  • Mention statistical method

  • Do not include results in this section


  • Do not describe methods

  • Present results in the past tense

  • Present representations rather than endlessly repetitive data

  • Use tables where appropriate, and do not repeat information in the text


  • Discuss - do not recapitulate results

  • Point out exceptions and lack of correlations. Do not try to cover up or 'fudge' data

  • Show how results agree/contrast with previous work

  • Discuss the implications of your findings


  • State your conclusions very clearly


Headings enhance readability but should be appropriate to the nature of the paper. They should be kept to a minimum and may be removed by the Editors.

Normally only two categories of headings should be used: Major ones should be typed in capital letters; Minor ones should be typed in lower case (with an initial capital letter) at the left-hand margin.

Quantitative analysis

If any statistical methods are used, the text should state the test or other analytical method applied, basic descriptive statistics, a critical value obtained, degrees of freedom, and significance level, e.g. (ANOVA, F=2.34; df=3,46; P<0.001). If a computer data analysis was involved, the software package should be mentioned. Descriptive statistics may be presented in the form of a table, or included in the text.

Abbreviations, symbols, and nomenclature 

Only standardized terms, which have generally been accepted, should be used. Unfamiliar abbreviations must be defined when first used. Patients should not be automatically designated as 'she,' and doctors as 'he'.


The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author; please refer to a recent issue of the journal to familiarize you with the reference style. All authors or groups of authors cited in the article must appear in the list of references and vice versa.

References in the text should use (1) numerals with or without the name(s) of the author(s): "Kenneth and Cohen (14) showed?", "it has been shown14 that?" When a cited paper has more than two authors; the citation in the text should appear as "Halsband et al."

The list of references at the end of the paper should be arranged as they appear in the article and numbered, and must contain the name of all authors.

All references cited in the text must be included in the list of references. Clinical and research articles should have a maximum of 15-20 references and case reports no more than 5-10.

When citing a paper which has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), use the following style:

Toschka H, Feifel H. Aesthetic and functional results of harvesting radial forearm flap. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2001: 30: 45-51. doi: 10.1054/ijom.2000.0005

Book/Monograph: Costich ER, White RP. Fundamentals of oral surgery. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1971: 201-220.

Book chapter: Hodge HC, Smith FA. Biological properties of inorganic fluorides. In: Simons JH, ed.: Fluorine chemistry.New York: Academic Press, 1965: 135. Internet resource: International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.


Tables should be used only to clarify important points. Double documentation in the form of tables and figures is not acceptable.

Do not submit tables as photographs.

A short descriptive title should appear above each table, with any footnotes suitably identified below. Care must be taken to ensure that all units are included. Ensure that each table is cited in the text.


All illustrations (e.g. graphs, drawings or photographs) are considered to be figures and should be numbered in sequence with Arabic numerals. Each figure should have a caption, typed double-spaced on a separate page and numbered correspondingly. The minimum resolution for electronically generated figures is 300 dpi.

Line illustrations

All line illustrations should present a crisp black image on an even white background (127 x 178 mm (5 x 7 in), or no larger than 203 x 254 mm (8 x 10 in). The size of the lettering should be appropriate, taking into account the necessary size reduction.

Photographs and radiographs:

Photomicrographs should show magnification and details of any staining techniques used. The area(s) of interest must be clearly indicated with arrows or other symbols. Colour images are encouraged.

Figures supplied in color will appear in color in the online version of the journal.

  1. Size of Photographs: The final size of photographs will be: (a) single column width (53 mm), (b) double column width (110 mm), (c) full page width (170 mm). Photographs should ideally be submitted at the final reproduction size based on the above figures.

  2. Patient confidentiality:

Where illustrations must include recognizable individuals, living or dead, great care must be taken to ensure that consent for publication has been obtained. If identifiable features are not essential to the illustration, please indicate where the illustration can be cropped.